Coronavirus and Eye care tips

Coronavirus and Eye Care Tips

Working from home because of COVID-19? Here are few tips to take care of your eyes during these difficult times.

As many of us working from home to help slow down the spread of  Coronavirus, many of us have realized that we are spending more time on screens like a laptop, mobiles as there is no interactions with colleagues, no real meetings going on, no exchange of jokes and smiles, not only this after work many of us must be doing binge-watching. As a result, we must be spending more time on screen than usual and this can lead to eye strain, fatigued eyes, dry eyes, redness and much more.

Few tips to take care of your eyes

  1.  Find an ideal workplace corner at home- Firstly, do not put a computer screen/laptop near the window. The difference in the brightness of the screen and the outdoors may cause eye stress. Secondly, rearrange your desk in a way that it must be at a distance where you do not have to strain your eyes or stretch your neck to see what’s there on the screen, the ideal is 20-28 inches away from your face and your eyes at the level of middle of screen
  2.  Follow 20-20-20 rule- Take a break every 20-minutes and look at any object at least 20 feet away from you for 20 seconds.
  3. Do not hold digital devices closer to your eyes- There are concerns that digital devices might emit blue or other harmful lights that causes eye strain and when you hold them closer, it puts more stress on your eyes. So whenever you are using a smartphone or tablet, try to hold them as far as possible from your eyes. You may try enlarging the print for comfortable reading.
  4. Do not rub or unnecessarily touch your eyes- You shouldn’t touch your eyes frequently. In-case of dry eyes or fatigue put refresh tears. Be sure to keep your hands clean. This will help keep germs from spreading to your face and your eyes.
  5. Also, please do not forget to clean and sterilize your laptops and mobile screens daily with a screen friendly alcohol wipe.
  1. If you have any emergency or urgent or a general query regarding any eye problem, do not hesitate to call us on 1800-102-2016. Our team will connect you to relevant Eye doctor.
  1.  Take 15 tests comprehensive eye examination- Whenever the situation gets to calm down. Visit your nearest Eye-Q eye hospital to take a comprehensive eye examination.

Also Read:

Eye Pain – Causes and Treatment
Age related macular degeneration

catract surgery

All about Cataract | Cataract Surgeries

Do you feel everything around is blurred – is it similar to looking through a foggy window? It could be Cataract!

A condition in which the lens of the eye becomes cloudy and interferes with normal vision, Cataract is a normal consequence of ageing and develops gradually. However, certain diseases such as diabetes and high blood pressure can also cause Cataract.

Some of the common symptoms of Cataract include:

  • Frequent change in prescription glasses
  • Blurred vision
  • Increased sensitivity to glare
  • Trouble seeing at night
  • Halos surrounding lights

What kind of Cataract could you have | cataract surgeries

Immature cataract: It is the initial stage where it may affect only a small portion of the eye lens. The lens has developed some opacities, but areas of normal clear lens separate them. Most people won’t even notice they have Cataract, as there are hardly any symptoms.

Mature cataract: When early signs are ignored, the Cataract starts developing to a stage where the entire lens is opaque and cloudy. In ripe/mature stage, the lens appears white, and the vision is reduced which seriously affects one’s everyday routine.

Hyper mature cataract: It’s the advanced stage where the lens has a leaky liquid surface which may cause inflammation. The lens becomes smaller and wrinkled due to the leakage. If one allows Cataract to reach such a stage, the eye starts to pain due to inflammation and complication is sure to arise during surgery. Cataract is not dangerous unless it becomes overripe (hyper mature).

Don’t wait for it to reach hyper mature stage | cataracts surgeries

There is no need to wait for the Cataract to mature/hyper-mature. The advancement of technologies means that the cloudy lens can be removed from the eye at any stage of initial development.

Untreated cataract can become “hyper-mature” – a condition that makes it difficult to remove and can cause complication during surgery. In the early stage, there is less use of ultrasound and laser to break the Cataract into smaller pieces as the lens is softer which makes it easier to remove. However, once it hyper-matures, the lens becomes hard which could lead to a severe complication during the surgery.

To avoid such a situation, it’s critical to remove the Cataract soon after vision problems develop, rather than waiting for months or years. In fact, the length of the patient surgery and recovery are shorter if the Cataract is operated during an immature stage.

Different types of surgeries | cataracts surgeries

There are different types of surgeries and the technique used can depend on factors such as the health of the eye, equipment and the expertise of the surgeon.

Phacoemulsification:

The most common type of procedure performed these days is called phacoemulsification. In this method, a tiny instrument is inserted through a tiny incision, and no stitches are needed at the end of surgery. The minimal operation allows faster and safer healing.

Advanced Blade free robotic-assisted Cataract Surgery:

It is regarded as the most advanced laser technology for the treatment of Cataract as it has features that allow the surgeon to customise according to the need of the patient and provide the right treatment through 3D mapping. It is regarded as the safest procedure with no blade and vaccination involved. The recovery time is comparatively less than other surgeries.

Micro-Incision Cataract Surgery (MICS):

In this technique, the Cataract is removed manually through a small incision of about 1.8 mm to 2.2 mm. In microincision, Cataract surgery stitches and injection are not required. It is accurate and provides better contrast and focus while recovery time is a minimum of 4-7 days.

Surgery is common and painless

If you are avoiding surgery mainly because of the term ‘surgery’ associated with the treatment, then you need to reconsider your decision. If you continue to postpone the procedure, then it will eventually lead to total vision loss.

The surgery-related fear is reasonable, but a Cataract removal procedure is one of the most common, safest and effective surgeries performed in India. With experience and advancement in technology, the process to replace the eye’s lens takes very little time and the chances of serious complication are minimal to none.

So, don’t wait! Get free of cost 15 step eye check-up done at our state-of-the-art EyeQ Vision Hospital which has the highest level of quality and technology in eye care. EyeQ Vision has 44 super speciality eye hospitals with centres in Uttar Pradesh, Delhi-NCR, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

 

eye pain reason

Eye Pain Reason | Treatment | Eye-Q Hospital

Eye Pain – Causes and Treatment

Eye Pain Reason: Eye pain can affect people of all age groups. Eye pain can occur to any part of the organ, from the orbit (socket) of the eye, to the pupil, sclera, eyelids, cornea, nerve endings etc. It is not necessary that an eye pain is always a serious cause of concern.

Sometimes, your eyes pain just because they’re tired but other times the problem could be serious. One should not ignore the problem if the pain, itching or inflammation in the eye persists for a long time. Ideally, it should go away in a few days, but if the pain worsens, or there is pain because of an injury or a cut, one should not take it lightly and immediately consult an eye doctor.

Causes of Eye Pain | Eye pain Reason

Some common eye problems that can cause eye pain are listed below:

Blepharitis: it is an infection in the eyelid. Also known as an eyelid bump, blepharitis can occur to people of all age groups. It usually happens when there is a bacterial attack on the oil glands of the eye.

Conjunctivitis: There is pain and inflammation in the conjunctiva due to a viral or bacterial infection. It makes the blood vessels swell because of which the white part of the eye turns reddish and causes irritation.

Corneal Abrasion: It is a scratch in the cornea of your eye causing pain and irritation. One can also hurt their eye while rubbing them, leading to corneal abrasion. Usually an eyedoctor prescribes antibacterial eye drops to reduce the irritation and soothe the pain.

Treatment of Eye Pain | Eye Pain Reason

The eye doctor will give a different treatment according to the disease or the condition of the eye. Some eye problems do not even require eye doctor’s intervention and get resolved on their own.

One should consult an eye doctor immediately if there is a cut or slit in the eye, if a foreign object has damaged the eye, or owing to any disease or condition there is blurriness in vision. One should not ignore if there is partial or complete loss of vision as these can be serious issues and can lead to permanent loss of vision.

We, at EyeQ Vision Super Speciality Hospitals, take all the measures to treat your problems whether big or small, as we understand the importance of sight and make all efforts to restore it.

Allergic conjunctivitis

what is Allergic conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis affects the conjunctiva. It is the inflammation caused by an allergic reaction to substances like pollens and mold spores. The membrane inside your eyelids conjunctiva is sensitive to allergens. It is a common type of eye infection. It is a bodily reaction to outside and harmful potential threats. The body tends to protect itself from any invasion.

Symptoms

This is a temporary condition in which you may have red, itchy and watery eyes. There is a constant burning sensation when you wake up in the morning along with puffy eyes. Sometimes people also have a watery nose. This is caused due to environmental factors.

There is another type of allergic conjunctivitis known as chronic allergic conjunctivitis which stays all year round. It is your body’s reaction to dust, animal dander and food, chemical scents and spices. The symptoms remain the same and your eyes become more sensitive to light changes.Sometimes, a certain medicine can also react and trigger the problem such as contact lens solution and even eye drops.

Treatment                                    

Mostly the eye doctor will do an examination of your eyes apart from testing your skin and body for other kinds of allergies to understand the body’s reaction. In certain cases, the eye doctor may also advise for a blood test to check if the patient’s body is producing sufficient number of antigens to protect itself.

It is advised that one should keep the house and the atmosphere clean and dust-free. One should avoid rubbing eyes and it is advisable to use a cool compress to reduce inflammation and itchiness. The eye doctor may also advise you to use anti-inflammatory eye drops, eye drops that help to shrink congested blood vessels, steroid eye drops depending your condition.

There is no permanent cure for this disease it will trigger when the symptoms are unfavourable. Precaution is the best medicine.

At EyeQ vision we believe in providing eye care facilities at affordable prices because your vision is priceless.

Age related macular degeneration

Age related macular degeneration

What is AMD ?

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD) is a chronic, age related, degenerative disease of the macula. The macula is a very small and specialized area in the center of the retina (inner light sensitive layer of the eye) that maintains central vision and allows one to see fine details. So while the entire retina lets you see that there is a book in front of you, the macula lets you see what is written in the book.

 

Types of AMD : Dry AMD and Wet AMD. Generally speaking, Dry AMD progresses quite slowly and is usually less severe than the wet type. But both types damage the macula and both can take away your central vision

 

Dry AMD is caused when there is a thinning of macular tissues or by deposit of a pigment known as macula or the combination of both. It is diagnosed when yellowish spots, known as drusen, can be seen around the macula.

 

Wet AMD is an advanced stage of the disease. In this, new blood vessels are known to grow beneath the retina and leak blood and fluids. The leakage damages the sensitive cells in retina, resulting in blind spots or loss of vision. The longer these abnormal vessels leak or grow, the more risk you have of losing more of your detailed vision.

 

Magnitude of disease :

Macular degeneration is one of the leading cause of loss of vision all over the world. Previous Indian data reveals a prevalence rate of AMD ranging from 1.2 % to 4.7 %. The disease mostly affects the people aged 40 and above. There are high chances that it can affect older age groups as well i.e. people at the age of 65 and above. The prevalence rate of early AMD ranges from 6.7 to 39.3 % and that of late AMD ranges from 1.2% to 2.5% in various studies.

 

Risk Factors :

Some of the known and suspected non-modifiable risk factors are:

Age: Risk increases with an advancing age; from 8.5% for people 43 to 54 years of age to a high 36.8% for people over 75.

Family history of AMD.

Gender: females are more susceptible.

Race: Light skinned people are more likely to develop AMD than dark skinned people.

Blue or light colored irises: Light-colored eyes allow up to 100 times more light to reach the retina than dark colored eyes and there is less melanin (pigment) to absorb it.

The modifiable suspected risk factors are :

Smoking

Diet: A diet in low antioxidant vitamins and minerals is a significant risk factor.

Excessive sunlight exposure

High blood pressure

Excessive weight/obesity

 

Symptoms

In its earliest stages, people may not be aware they have macular degeneration until they notice slight changes in their vision or until it is detected during an eye exam. The common symptoms are blurred vision, partial loss of vision, spots appearing in their vision, the straight lines of objects appearing wavy or complete loss of vision in some cases.

 

Diagnosis :

Indirect ophthalmoscopy and / or slitlamp biomicroscopic evaluation of retina can provide initial indication of the disorder. If required, fundus photography can help in documentation of progression and follow-up.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) scanning is a sophisticated and exact tool that detects the structural changes in the layers of retina by creating a special picture of macula.

Fundus fluorescein angiography employs a fluorescein dye being injected into a vein in the patient’s arm. The dye travels to the eyes. Photographs are taken as the dye passes through the retinal blood vessels. Abnormal areas are highlighted by the dye, diagnosing and classifying wet AMD.

 

Treatment

Management of AMD, when indicated, can be in the form of oral supplementation of antioxidants in Dry AMD and in the form of intravitral injections and /or laser / photodynamic therapy in Wet AMD.

Amsler’s Grid monitoring plays a crucial role in AMD follow-up.

 

We, at EyeQ Vision, make comprehensive assessments to make sure your disease does not reach an advance level. Diseases such as AMD are best treated when detected at an early stage.

 

 

 

 

ocular-migraine

Ocular Migraine

Ocular migraines affect the retina in your eye. Also known as visual, retinal, ophthalmic, or monocular (one eye) migraines, this is a rare disorder and is known to affect 1 in every 200 people suffering from migraines.

The prevalence rate of the disease is 45.69%. It mostly affects people in the age group of 20 to 40.

Symptoms

Common symptoms found in patients suffering from ocular migraines include loss of vision in one eye for about an hour, along or after headache. People who have regular migraines can have flashes of light or blind spots known as aura, which usually appear in both the eyes.

Other symptoms could consist of headache at one side of the head (usually moderate to extremely painful), a feeling of throbbing or pulsating, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound.

Causes

Experts are not sure on what can cause ocular migraines, but research speculates that it is related to spasms in blood vessels of the retina and changes that spread in its nerve cells. People with ocular migraines are at a higher risk of developing permanent loss of vision in one eye.

Treatment

Most people do not consider seeking a treatment for ocular migraines. The eye doctor will advise you to take rest during the time when experiencing ocular migraine till your vision goes back to normal. An eye doctor might also suggest a pain killer to relieve the pain.

Drugs that treat epilepsy are known to cure ocular migraines. Medicines to control blood pressure, known as beta blockers, have also proven helpful in treating ocular migraines. Aspirin is one of the common drugs an eye doctor might prescribe to reduce headache.

We, at Eye-Q Vision Super Specialty Hospitals, are committed to providing best quality eye care at reasonable prices because we understand the value of your precious eyes.

eye-emergencies

Eye Emergencies

Eye emergency is any condition, infection or injury to the eye that needs immediate treatment and attention.

Eye emergencies can be different for everybody. But generally, it is an emergency when there is bleeding or discharge from around the eye. If there is a bruised eye, decreased vision, double vision, you also have eye pain and headache for a longer period of time, do not take it lightly and consult a doctor.

Sometimes one may also have itchy eyes; it can also be due to chemical exposure. In severe cases, there may be partial or total loss of vision in one or both the eyes. Certain eye infections and conditions might also be categorized under eye emergencies.

Causes

A direct injury or trauma to the eye could lead to a black eye and is caused by bleeding under the skin. It is usually accompanied by swelling and pain, the skin turns black and blue and could even turn purple, yellow and green over a span of several days.

Sometimes, a skull fracture or head injury can also damage the eye that would require immediate attention. A foreign object might also be the cause and need attention.

A chemical injury happened at industrial work place or due to household products such as cleaning solutions, solvents, fumes and aerosols can cause chemical burns. Some alkaline substances such as lime, lye and drain cleaners can cause permanent damage to the cornea. Eyelid and eye cuts are usually severe and require immediate doctor’s attention.

Treatment

One thing to keep in mind is to not rub the eyes at all. One should wash your eyes thoroughly, in case dust or an object has entered the eye. Wash your hands with soap and water in case if you use your hands to touch your eyes. If there is a cut or slit and an object is stuck inside, seek immediate medical help.

glaucoma

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an eye condition where your optic nerve gets damaged. It happens because of pressure in the eye nerves. The prevalence rate is 2.65%. It affects people of age group 40 and above.

Glaucoma is found mostly in old aged people. Glaucoma occurs simultaneously in both the eyes, though the effect may differ in each.

Symptoms

A person suffering from glaucoma might have these symptoms:

  • One can have a hazy or blurred vision.
  • There can also be an appearance of rainbow-colored circles when around bright lights.
  • Other common symptoms found are severe eye and head pain, nausea, vomiting.
  • There may also sudden loss of eyesight in some cases.

Most people do not have any eye pain or have any symptoms in early stages of the disease. One of the symptoms can also be loss of peripheral or side vision.

Causes

If you have a history of glaucoma and you’re above 40 years of age, it is advisable to get a proper eye examination done as it can also be hereditary. It happens when eye fluid,known as aqueous humor,is not able to circulate properly in the eyes. A person suffering from diabetes is also at a high risk of developing glaucoma.

Other causes that can result in glaucoma include a severe eye injury or an eye infection, blockage of blood vessels, inflammatory conditions of the eye and even an eye surgery.

Treatment

The eye doctor will examine your eyes through dilated pupils. The eye doctor will be able to spot the affected condition of the optic nerve through this test, a specific way it looks like when a person has glaucoma.

The eye doctor can also conduct a tonometry test to check the pressure on the optic nerve. He might also conduct a visual field test to check for peripheral loss of vision.

With our range of Glaucoma Treatment Services, you can rest assured that we follow world-class management practices.

crossed-eye

Crossed Eye

Crossed eye, also known as Strabismus, is a disorder in which the eyes do not look together at an object, at the same time. People suffering from this condition have a problem with the eye muscles or with the brain where the signals are processed. The prevalence rate is about 2.5%. It can be spotted during infancy itself and is common in young children.

Strabismus is of two types – intermittent or constant. The intermittent strabismus occurs during some part of the day, such as when the eye muscles are tired or during an illness. Sometimes parents may notice their child’s eyes wandering during first few months of its birth. That’s mainly because the infant is still learning to focus and to move both the eyes together. This condition is over by the time they reach 3 months of age. Strabismus, however, is a constant situation.

Crossed eye is grouped according to the direction of misalignment. If one eye is looking straight and the other appears to be looking inwards (towards the nose), it is known as estropia or convergent strabismus.

If the other eye is looking outward (towards the ear), it is known as exotropia or divergent strabismus. If the eye is misaligned in downward direction, it is hypotropia, while in upward direction, it is hypertropia.

Symptoms

Commonly known symptoms for a person who suffers from crossed eye condition are blurred vision, double vision and vision disorder. The eyes do not appear to move together. The eyes often blink and squint, especially in bright light and look misaligned. Sometimes, diseases such as high blood pressure, diabetes, multiple sclerosis and thyroid disorders can also trigger this condition. You should consult a doctor if you see any symptoms in your child or any adult.

Treatment

The eye doctors will check for alignment of the eye and the coordination in the movement of both the eyes. There is no prevention of this condition, but it can be treated if detected well in time. This can be treated in adults as well to a large extent.

An eye doctor may prescribe glasses to correct the vision defects. Eye exercises are also found to be helpful in strengthening the eye muscles. A surgery can also be used to loosen or tighten the muscles of a specific eye in order to realign the eyes.

We, at Eye-Q Vision, have Pediatric Services where a specialized team of doctors look after the eye problems of your child. We assure you that the health of your child’s eyes is in safe hands.

nearsightedness

Nearsightedness (Myopia)

Myopia, commonly known as nearsightedness, is a refractive error which makes it difficult to focus on far away subjects. People suffering from nearsightedness can see objects close to them clearly and see far away objects blurry. The prevalence rate of the disease is 34.60%. People in the age group of 20 to 40 are mostly affected by this disease.

Symptoms

A person suffering from myopia cannot see objects such as chalk board and road signs that are far away clearly. There is a persistent need to squint eyes to see clearly. One might have headaches due to continuous eye strain. A person might also have difficulty in seeing while driving, especially at night (night myopia).

Objects far away, like a chalkboard or road signs, appear blurry. There is a persistent need to squint or close eyelids to see clearly. Some people complaint of headaches due to eyestrain. There might also be a difficulty seeing while driving a vehicle, especially at night (night myopia).

Causes

Myopia occurs when light rays entering the eyes focus in front of retina, instead of focusing on it. Myopia can be inherited and is a genetic disease as well as can be developed due to environmental conditions.

If one of your parent is suffering from myopia, there is a high possibility that you can also develop the disease. People who do a lot of reading are at a higher risk of contracting it.

It is also known that environmental conditions may also contribute to a person having nearsightedness.

Treatment

The doctor will do a thorough eye examination. He might also prescribe you corrective eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct the focal point. One can also get it corrected by having a refractive surgery. The doctor will use a laser beam to reshape your cornea. There are different types of refractive surgeries which the doctor will prescribe as per your specific condition.

With our Lasik Laser Surgery at Eye-Q Vision, the doctor will advise you the best options from our wide range of laser surgery treatments available. You can be rest assured that your precious vision is in the safe hands of an expert.